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low back pain

What To Do When You Have Low Back Pain

Chronic low back pain is a common problem and can affect your work, family and recreational activities. While there is no specific cure for low back pain, there are some steps you can take now to start managing the symptoms coming from your back.

Stop slouching. One of the most common causes of low back pain is poor sitting posture. The strain on the back while sitting in a slouched position can cause excessive pressure on the joints, muscles and discs, causing pain. Learn to sit with correct posture and maintain that posture at all times to help decrease or eliminate your low back pain. Also, be sure your work space is set up properly at home and at work.

Stop avoiding exercise. It may hurt to get started, but exercise is proven to be beneficial for most low back pain. It helps keep your core muscles strong, provides increased circulation to your joints and discs, and it gives you a sense of well-being. Plus, being a couch potato can really put your low back in a poor posture.q

Stop searching for a miracle cure. We’ve all seen the advertisements that promise a miracle cure for low back pain. Hanging by your feet on an inversion table, rubbing healing balms on your back or spending money on fancy computerised traction devices all sound effective, but the evidence indicates that many of these miracle cures are not beneficial.

Also,remember/note that low back pain is not pile (jedi jedi) neither is it primarily due to the sugar in your system. It is either a non mechanical or mechanical dysfunction that requires adequate medical attention. Do not spoil your liver by ingesting too many drugs and cconcoctions.

Stop focusing on a specific diagnosis. Up to 85 per cent of low back pain can be classified as “non-specific.” This means that the origin of your pain cannot be localised to one specific structure or problem. While common diagnostic tests for low back pain can show the bones, discs and joints with great detail, no test can tell the exact cause of your pain with 100 per cent accuracy.

Stop lifting heavy things. One of the top causes of low back pain is frequent heavy lifting. If your job requires that you lift heavy items, ask your employer if special equipment (or an extra set of hands) is available to help ease the load on your lower back.

Do you experience a low back pain or any symptom whatsoever in your back? If so, call Physiooncall today for FREE PHONE/EMAIL CONSULTATION. Our Physiotherapists will be on ground to answer all your questions.

Call on us 08099997799/08090647332 or mail us at [email protected]

stress

The connection between stress and musculoskeletal disorders

In 2005-06, 1,958,000 people in the UK reported suffering from an illness that was caused or made worse by their current or past work. Of these, 52% reported musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), and 21% reported stress, depression or anxiety.

In terms of the 523,000 new cases of work-related illness reported in this period, these two types of disorder accounted for 73% of cases (37% for stress, depression or anxiety, and 36% for MSDs). This reflects the incidence rate (the rate at which new cases occurred in the population during the time period rather than the prevalence rate (the proportion of the population who were cases at a point in time.

Best Exercises For For Firm Butts ( buttocks)

1. Squats :-It is the best strength exercise for your thigh ,buttocks,or lower back ,you can do squats with put some weight in your hand ,Major muscles which are work in this exercise are quadriceps muscles ( vastus intermedius,  vastus medialis,  vastus lateralis, and rectus femoris), Hamstring muscles (semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris) , Buttocks muscles (gluteus maximus muscle, gluteus medius muscle , gluteus minimus muscle), At lest 50 squats per day make your thigh or bum (buttocks) beautiful or in shape.There are different types of squats you can do but this all depends on your strength, you can do squats variation after the 10-15 days.

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 How to do Squats:-

  • Make base for your squats ,plant your feet
  • Straight Your hand in front of your body for giving balance to you.
  • Tighten your hip and back or thigh muscles
  • Now Flex your knees and slowly down yourself ,hold for 5 sec and then back to neutrol positions

 

 2.Bridges:- Bridging is the part of Pilates exercises,very useful for your lower back and bum (buttocks),Muscles which are used in bridges are rectus abdominis,gluteus medius and minimus,transverse abdominis,erector spine ,the all muscles work together to stabilize your bridges positions ,you can make more harder this exercises by lifting your one leg which will make more pressure on your buttocks (gluteus muscles).

single-leg-bridge5 images

How to do Bridges :

  • Laying on your back with knees bend  with feet close.
  • Your feet should be under to your knee when you bend.
  • Lift your Hips and make a straight line from your knees to shoulder.
  • Let your hip or thigh remain this positions for 20-30 sec.
  • Repeats this position at lest 20 times.
  • The goal is to maintain this position for 20-30 sec to build strength for your lower back and hip muscles.
  • For more strength or make this exercise more harder,by using the physio ball ,hold you feet on physio ball and make bridges positions.

 

3.Side Plunk with leg circle:- This is the best workout for your hip muscles or lateral muscle of abdominal,your bum (buttocks) muscles work harder to remain your leg straight ,when you perform circle.or abdominal muscles works for your body balance.

0905-15min-leg-circles

How to do side plunk:-

  • Lie to your left side with your left arm on the floor and head resting on your right hand.
  • your knee and hip in extension so your torso from a slight angle.
  • Lift your right let 5 to 8 inch and make 10-12 forward or backward circle  from the hip.
  • do same for another side.

 

By doing this 3 exercises daily you can make your bum (hip) beautiful or in shape ,do this exercises twice a day and continue for 2 month.drink 5 liter water in a day or drink some water before exercise to avoid cramps and muscles tear.

Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)

A stroke occurs when there is interruption of the blood supply to a particular area of the brain, ultimately leading to cell injury and cell death.
Strokes can be classified as either:
Ischaemic
Haemorrhagic

Ischaemic strokes are the most common, accounting for up to 80% of strokes, and occur when there is an occlusion of a blood vessel impairing the flow of blood to the brain.

Ischaemic strokes are divided into:
1. thrombotic – where a blood clot forms in a main brain artery or within the small blood vessels deep inside the brain. The clot usually forms around atherosclerotic plaques.
2. embolic – a blood clot, air bubble or fat globule forms within a blood vessel elsewhere in the body and is carried to the brain.
3. systemic hypoprofusion – a general decrease in blood supply, eg. in shock.
4. venous thrombosis

Haemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and bleeds.

1. Intracerebral haemorrhagic stroke — there is bleeding from a blood vessel within the brain. High blood pressure is the main cause of intracerebral haemorrhagic stroke.
2. Subarachnoid haemorrhagic stroke — there is bleeding from a blood vessel between the surface of the brain and the arachnoid tissues that cover the brain.

Nb. Some experts do not classify subarachnoid haemorrhage as stroke because subarachnoid haemorrhages present differently from ischaemic strokes and intracerebral haemorrhagic strokes.

 

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapists should be involved early, and should make their own assessment of how much they can work with a patient. Early mobilization is associated with better outcomes – even after taking account of the potential confounding influence of disease severity. If rehabilitation is to take place on a different ward from acute care, the care received should be made as seamless as possible. Type and intensity of therapy should be determined by the patient’s needs not location.

 

Management / Interventions

Early management of acute stroke: The goal for the acute management of patients with stroke is to stabilize the patient and to complete initial evaluation and assessment, including imaging and laboratory studies, within a short time frame. Critical decisions focus on the need for intubation, blood pressure control, and determination of risk/benefit for thrombolytic intervention.

Patients presenting with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 8 or less or rapidly decreasing Glasgow Coma Scale scores, require emergent airway control via intubation.
Differential Diagnosis

Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia need to be identified and treated early in the evaluation. Not only can both produce symptoms that mimic ischemic stroke, but they can also aggravate ongoing neuronal ischaemia.
Key Evidence

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