We all know that a short foot massage every now and then can really help us relax, particularly after a long day of standing up and walking around, when our feet tend to swell up. Sure, everyone enjoys it, but does it really have any benefits other than making us feel a bit more relaxed and relieving some of the pain?
In 2005-06, 1,958,000 people in the UK reported suffering from an illness that was caused or made worse by their current or past work. Of these, 52% reported musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), and 21% reported stress, depression or anxiety.
In terms of the 523,000 new cases of work-related illness reported in this period, these two types of disorder accounted for 73% of cases (37% for stress, depression or anxiety, and 36% for MSDs). This reflects the incidence rate (the rate at which new cases occurred in the population during the time period rather than the prevalence rate (the proportion of the population who were cases at a point in time.
1. Squats :-It is the best strength exercise for your thigh ,buttocks,or lower back ,you can do squats with put some weight in your hand ,Major muscles which are work in this exercise are quadriceps muscles ( vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, and rectus femoris), Hamstring muscles (semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris) , Buttocks muscles (gluteus maximus muscle, gluteus medius muscle , gluteus minimus muscle), At lest 50 squats per day make your thigh or bum (buttocks) beautiful or in shape.There are different types of squats you can do but this all depends on your strength, you can do squats variation after the 10-15 days.
How to do Squats:-
2.Bridges:- Bridging is the part of Pilates exercises,very useful for your lower back and bum (buttocks),Muscles which are used in bridges are rectus abdominis,gluteus medius and minimus,transverse abdominis,erector spine ,the all muscles work together to stabilize your bridges positions ,you can make more harder this exercises by lifting your one leg which will make more pressure on your buttocks (gluteus muscles).
How to do Bridges :
3.Side Plunk with leg circle:- This is the best workout for your hip muscles or lateral muscle of abdominal,your bum (buttocks) muscles work harder to remain your leg straight ,when you perform circle.or abdominal muscles works for your body balance.
How to do side plunk:-
By doing this 3 exercises daily you can make your bum (hip) beautiful or in shape ,do this exercises twice a day and continue for 2 month.drink 5 liter water in a day or drink some water before exercise to avoid cramps and muscles tear.
A stroke occurs when there is interruption of the blood supply to a particular area of the brain, ultimately leading to cell injury and cell death.
Strokes can be classified as either:
Ischaemic strokes are the most common, accounting for up to 80% of strokes, and occur when there is an occlusion of a blood vessel impairing the flow of blood to the brain.
Ischaemic strokes are divided into:
1. thrombotic – where a blood clot forms in a main brain artery or within the small blood vessels deep inside the brain. The clot usually forms around atherosclerotic plaques.
2. embolic – a blood clot, air bubble or fat globule forms within a blood vessel elsewhere in the body and is carried to the brain.
3. systemic hypoprofusion – a general decrease in blood supply, eg. in shock.
4. venous thrombosis
Haemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and bleeds.
1. Intracerebral haemorrhagic stroke — there is bleeding from a blood vessel within the brain. High blood pressure is the main cause of intracerebral haemorrhagic stroke.
2. Subarachnoid haemorrhagic stroke — there is bleeding from a blood vessel between the surface of the brain and the arachnoid tissues that cover the brain.
Nb. Some experts do not classify subarachnoid haemorrhage as stroke because subarachnoid haemorrhages present differently from ischaemic strokes and intracerebral haemorrhagic strokes.
Physiotherapists should be involved early, and should make their own assessment of how much they can work with a patient. Early mobilization is associated with better outcomes – even after taking account of the potential confounding influence of disease severity. If rehabilitation is to take place on a different ward from acute care, the care received should be made as seamless as possible. Type and intensity of therapy should be determined by the patient’s needs not location.
Management / Interventions
Early management of acute stroke: The goal for the acute management of patients with stroke is to stabilize the patient and to complete initial evaluation and assessment, including imaging and laboratory studies, within a short time frame. Critical decisions focus on the need for intubation, blood pressure control, and determination of risk/benefit for thrombolytic intervention.
Patients presenting with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 8 or less or rapidly decreasing Glasgow Coma Scale scores, require emergent airway control via intubation.
Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia need to be identified and treated early in the evaluation. Not only can both produce symptoms that mimic ischemic stroke, but they can also aggravate ongoing neuronal ischaemia.